How Aquaponics Works

Written by James Puno

January 24, 2020

Aquaponic is the art of combining hydroponics and aquaculture into one self-sustaining system. Unlike with hydroponics though, you don’t use chemical fertilizers to provide the nutrients for your plants. Instead, the aquatic creatures you raise in your tank will feed your plants’ needs. Its popularity has gone ballistic since growers found out its amazing benefits.

Benefits of Aquaponics

Aquaponics provides lots of benefits to any grower who wishes to try the system. Although initially expensive, aquaponics provide tons of advantages when used properly. Here are some of the known benefits of an aquaponic system.

  • Growers who do not wish to use chemical fertilizers on their plants will definitely love aquaponics. The system is 100% safe as it uses all-natural methods of growing plants. You don’t need any chemical product as this can harm your fish in the first place.
  • Growers can expect a better produce if they are successful with their system. According to studies, plants grow three times faster when planted on an aquaponic system.
  • Soil borne diseases would never harm your plants as you don’t use soil as your growing medium. If you’re having a hard time with soil borne diseases, then this system can actually help you to become successful in gardening.

How Does Aquaponics Work?

Basically, you get your fertilizer from the aquatic creatures that you raise in your tank. Nitrosomonas bacteria are added to convert ammonia into something useful to the system. The first thing you want to focus is keeping the fish healthy and happy. In doing so, you’ll be able to get a good amount of waste which will be used later on. The fish in the tank will produce ammonia from their waste.

Ammonia should be converted into nitrite as it is dangerous to your fish. The waste will be pumped into a collection area called a vortex. Food or waste will sink down the bottom of the vortex while water goes to the next chambers. These chambers are filled with filtering materials to screen the broken down waste.

In doing so, ammonia will turn into nitrate which will later be turned into nitrite. Water continues to pass through the chambers until it reaches the last filtering materials. There, nitrate will be converted into nitrate because of the bacteria that are stored on the last filtration box. From there, your plants will enjoy the nutrient-rich water which flows through the growing medium and into their roots. The process will go through a cycle until you harvest your plants.

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